Aquatic habitat of Lake Dystos


Aquatic habitat of Lake Dystos

The Dystos Lake Wetland in Evia is one of the most important wetlands in Greece with rare flora and fauna

One of the most important wetlands in Greece, the lake is a refuge for dozens of bird species, with rare flora and fauna. Depending on the rainfall, the area of ​​the lake fluctuates from 1,500 to 4,500 acres.

Ideal times to visit the area are spring and autumn, when the wetland gathers a multitude of migratory birds, such as white storks and herons.

Among the aquatic birds that live permanently in the ecosystem are mallards, mallards, mute swans, coots, etc., while there are also predatory species such as hawks, vultures and peregrines.

The surrounding hills are full of rare species of flowers such as crocuses, irises, daffodils and orchids, while there is no shortage of Mediterranean shrubs such as holly, sedge, aphanas and thyme.

The ecosystem is also rich in amphibian and reptile life, while the area teems with small wildlife such as foxes, ptarmigan, weasels and hedgehogs.

During the summer months, a large area of ​​the lake is covered by reeds, with the wet element being limited to its central and western parts.

Unfortunately, the lack of protection of the wetland has resulted in this ecosystem of rare beauty and importance being under threat in recent years. A significant part of the lake has dried up, with serious effects on the development of the flora and fauna of the area.

In addition to natural beauty, the area is of archaeological and historical interest, as the ancient settlement of Dystos has been discovered on the Kastri hill that dominates the east of the lake plain.

Also nearby are the ruins of the Serai settlement, which flourished during the Turkish occupation and was abandoned after the liberation.

The lake It is located between Aliveri, and Agios Apostoulos Petrion.